CAR-ES 2005-2010

Coordinator: Per Gundersen

Ten open seminars were arranged:

  • 28 January 2005, Uppsala, Sweden. Start-up meeting with core members.
  • 29-30 September 2005, Hørsholm, Denmark. Kick-off meeting with all partners.
  • 18-19 May 2006, Hyytiälä, Finland. Seminar on “Buffer zones and ecosystem services”. 10 scientists from 5 countries participated.
  • 12-15 October 2006, Haukadalur, Iceland. Seminar on “Effects of afforestation on ecosystem services”. The seminar was attended by 12 scientists from 5 countries.
  • 7-9 June 2007, Bergen, Norway. Seminar on “Nordic forestry and biodiversity”. 14 scientists from 5 countries participated.
  • 10-12 January 2008, Frederiksberg, Denmark (Postponed from Nov. 2007). Seminar on “Water and Climate Change”. 14 scientists from 6 countries participated.
  • 27-29 May 2008, Norberg, Sweden. Seminar on “Bioenergy and its consequences for Environmental Services” and 6th Progress Meeting. 19 scientists from 6 countries participated.
  • 29-30 October 2008, Helsinki, Finland. Planning seminar for international conference and 7th Progress Meeting. 11 scientists from 5 countries participated.
  • 2-5 June 2009, Akureyri, Iceland. Seminar on “Environmental Services of forests and terrestrial/aquatic interactions”. 17 scientists attended from 6 countries.
  • 16-18 March 2010, Jaunmoku Palace, Latvia. A workshop entitled “Environmental impacts of increased bioenergy use” took place. 15 scientists from 7 countries participated.
  • 28-30 September 2010, southern Sweden.

 An international scientific conference on “Adapting Forest Management to Maintain the Environmental Services: Carbon Sequestration, Biodiversity and Water” was held 21-24 September 2009 in Koli, Finland.

100 courses for forestry personnel: Skogforsk Sweden was responsible for the courses on how to conduct forestry close to water and in other sensitive areas.

SNS project 102 “Environmental impact of shorter forest rotations” was launched as an idea during CAR-ES meetings. The project was completed with a scientific publication: Weslien, J., Finér, L., Jónsson, J.Á., Koivusalo, H., Laurén, A., Ranius, T. & Sigurdsson, B.D. (2009). Effects of increased forest productivity and warmer climates on carbon sequestration, run-off water quality and accumulation of dead wood in a boreal landscape: A modelling study. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 24: 333-347.

SNS project 106 “Ash recycling – long-term effects on tree growth” was launched as an idea during CAR-ES meetings. The project involves senior and junior researchers from Nordic Forestry Institutes as well as from Universities.

A literature review on “Environmental Services provided from Forests by the Water in the Nordic Countries” which include riparian management and buffer zones has been finalised and is accepted at Ambio. This product is a 100% CAR-ES product based on Nordic knowledge and data: Gundersen, P., Laurén, A., Finér, L., Ring, E., Koivusalo, H., Sætersdal, M., Weslien, J.-O., Sigurdsson, B.D., Högbom, L., Laine, J. and Hansen, K. (2010). Environmental Services provided from Forests by the Water in the Nordic Countries. Ambio (Accepted).

Two literature reviews (peer-review papers) has been produced as cooperation between Skogforsk, Sweden and Forest & Landscape Denmark. The titles are: “The impact of forest silvicultural operations on soil quality” and “The impact of forest management on water quality”. They will be submitted to Annals of Forest Science during 2010. The papers are a result of a co-operation between the CAR-ES and the EU EFORWOOD project. The co-operation will continue informally during 2010.

A meta-database on nitrate, phosphate and DOC leaching as a result of different forest management operations has been prepared in order to know the state of the overall amount of available data in the Nordic and Baltic countries.

A fact sheet was produced and presented to the Nordic Council of Ministers meeting in Selfors, Iceland in August 2008: Gundersen, P., Ring, E., Hansen, K., Finér, L., Laurén, A. & Högbom, L. (2008) Forests produce clean water. Factsheet, Nordic Forest Research Co-operation Committee (SNS), 2pp.

Communication to end-users

Weslien, J., Finér, L., Jónsson, J.A., Koivusalo, H., Laurén, A., Ranius, T. and Sigurdsson, B.D. (2008). Kol, kväveutlakning och död ved I morgondagens skog. Resultat 11 Skogforsk, 4pp.

Guidelines for water protection, soil preparation and ash fertilisation in Finland.

Publications from CAR-ES I (2005-2010):

Finér, L., Laurén, A. and Lier, M. (eds.) (2009). Adapting forest management to maintain the environmental services: carbon sequestration, biodiversity and water. Abstracts and programme of an international conference at Koli National Park, Finland in 21.–24.9.2009. Metlan työraportteja/Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 133. 94 p.

Gundersen, P., Weslien, J., Sigurdsson, B.D., Sætersdal, M., Finér, L. and Callesen, I. (2007). The objectives of the research network “Centre of Advanced Research on Environmental Services” (CAR-ES). In: Halldórsson, G., Oddsdóttir, E.S. and Eggertsson, O. (Eds) “Effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development”. TemaNord 508: 126-131.

Gundersen, P., Ring, E., Hansen, K., Finér, L., Laurén, A. and Högbom, L. (2008). Forests produce clean water. Factsheet, Nordic Forest Research Co-operation Committee (SNS), 2pp. Download here.

Gundersen, P., Laurén, A., Finér, L., Ring, E., Koivusalo, H., Sætersdal, M., Weslien, J.-O., Sigurdsson, B.D., Högbom, L., Laine, J. and Hansen, K. (2010). Environmental Services provided from Forests by the Water in the Nordic Countries. Ambio (In print).

Halldórsson, G., Oddsdóttir, E.S. and Sigurðsson, B.D. (eds). (2008). AFFORNORD: Effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development. TemaNord 2008:562, Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen, 120 p.

Jonsson, J.A. and Sigurdsson, B.D. (2009). Short-term effects of thinning and fertilisation on soil temperature and carbon efflux of young black cottonwood stand in Iceland. Biogeosciences (Submitted).

Sigurdsson, B.D., Sverdrup, H., Belyazid, S. and Bjarnadottir, B. (2008). Effects of afforestation on the carbon cycle. In AFFORNORD: Effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development. Edited by G. Halldórsson, E.S. Oddsdóttir, and B.D. Sigurdsson. TemaNord 2008:562, Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen. pp. 87-99.

Weslien, J., Finér, L., Jónsson, J.A., Koivusalo, H., Laurén, A., Ranius, T. and Sigurdsson, B.D. (2008). Kol, kväveutlakning och död ved I morgondagens skog. Resultat 11 Skogforsk, 4pp.

Weslien, J., Finér, L., Jónsson, J.Á., Koivusalo, H., Laurén, A., Ranius, T., and Sigurdsson, B.D. (2009). Effects of increased forest productivity and warmer climates on carbon sequestration, run-off water quality and accumulation of dead wood in a boreal landscape: A modelling study. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 24: 333-347.

Publications from activities linked CAR-ES (2005-2010):

Arneberg, A., Nygaard, P.H., Stabbetorp, O.E., Sigurdsson, B.D. and Oddsdóttir, E. (2007). Afforestation effects on decomposition and vegetation in Iceland. In: Halldórsson, G., Oddsdóttir, E.S. and Eggertsson, O. (Eds). Effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development. TemaNord 508: 75-80.

Belyazid, S., Sigurdsson, B.D., Haraldsson, H. and Sverdrup, H. (2007). Adapting the ForSAFE model to simulate changes in the ground vegetation after afforetstation in Iceland: A feasibility study. In: Halldórsson, G., Oddsdóttir, E.S. and Eggertsson, O. (Eds). Effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development. TemaNord 508: 78-84.

Bishop, K., Allan, C., Bringmark, L., Garcia, E., Hellsten, S., Högbom, L., Johansson, K., Lomander, A., Meili, M., Munthe, J., Nilsson, M., Porvari, P., Skyllberg, U., Sørensen, R., Zetterberg, T. and Åkerblom, S. (2009). Thee effects of forestry on Hg accumulation in nemoral/boreal waters and recommendations for good silvicultural practice. Ambio 7: 376-380.

Bishop, K., Allan, C.J., Bringmark, L., Garcia, E., Hellsten, S., Högbom, L., Jahansson, K., Lomander, A., Meilli, M., Munthe, J., Nilsson, M., Porvari, P., Skyllberg, U., Sörensen, R., Zetterberg, T. and Åkerblom, S. (2009). Forestry’s contribution to Hg bioaccumulation in freshwaters: assessnment of the available evidence. In Bishop K (ed) Does forestry contribute to mercury in Swedish fish? KSLA Tidskrift nr 148(1):9-23.

Berg, S. and Lindholm, E.-L. (2005). Energy use and environmental impacts of forest operations in Sweden. Journal of Cleaner Production 13: 33-42.

Bergh, J., Freeman, M., Sigurdsson, B.D., Kellomäki, S., Laitinen, K., Niinistö, S. and Peltola, H. (2003). Modelling the short-term effects of climate change on the productivity of selected tree species in Nordic countries. Forest Ecology and Management 183: 327-340.

Bjarnadottir, B., Sigurdsson, B.D. and Lindroth, A. (2005). Eddy flux measurements over a young Larix sibirica stand in eastern Iceland. Poster and abstract at AFFORNORD Conference on Effects of Afforestation on Ecosystems, Landscape & Rural Development, June 18th – 22nd, 2005 Reykholt, Iceland.

Bjarnadottir, B. and Sigurdsson, B.D. (2007). Eddy flux measurements over a young Larix sibirica stand in eastern Iceland: measurements and initial results. In: Halldórsson, G., Oddsdóttir, E.S. and Eggertsson, O. (Eds). Effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development. TemaNord 508: 89-95.

Bjarnadottir, B., Sigurdsson, B.D. and Lindroth, A. (2007). Estimate of annual carbon balance of a young Siberian larch (Larix sibirica) plantation in Iceland. Tellus B 59 (5): 891-899.

Bjarnadottir, B., Sigurdsson, B.D. and Lindroth, A. (2009). A young afforestation area in Iceland was a moderate sink to CO2 only a decade after scarification and establishment. Biogeosciences 6: 2895-2906.

Bjarnadóttir, B. (2009). Carbon stocks and fluxes in a young Siberian larch (Larix sibirica) plantation in Iceland. PhD. thesis. Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Analysis. Lund University, Lund, Sweden. p. 62.

Boberg, L. and Perhans, K. (2007). Höga naturvärden i nyckelbiotoper – men även i andra äldre granskogar. Skogforsk Resultat Nr 1.

Bollandsås, O.M., Hanssen, K.H., Marthiniussen, S. and Næsset, E. (2008). Measures of spatial forest structure derived from airborne laser data are associated with natural regeneration patterns in an uneven-aged spruce forest. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 953-961.

Christiansen, J. R., Vesterdal, L., Callesen, I., Elberling, B., Schmidt, I.K. and Gundersen, P. (2010). Nitrogen and water budgets in six tree species. Global Change Biology 16: ??

de Chantal, M., Hanssen, K.H., Granhus, A., Bergsten, U., Ottosson Löfvenius, M. and Grip, H. (2007). Frost-heaving damage to one-year-old Picea abies seedlings increases with soil horizon depth and canopy gap size. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 1236-1243.

de Vries, W., Solberg, S., Dobbertin, M., Sterba, H., Laubhahn, D., Reinds, G.J., Nabuurs, G.-J., Gundersen, P. and Sutton, M.A. (2008). Ecologically implausible carbon response.  Nature 441: E1-E3.

de Vries, W., Solberg, S., Dobbertin, M., Sterba, H., Laubhahn, D. van Oijen, M., Evans, C., Gundersen, P., Kros, J., Wamelink, G.W.W, Reinds, G. J. and Sutton, M.A. (2009). The impact of nitrogen deposition on carbon sequestration by terrestrial ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1814-1823.

Djupström, L.B., Weslien, J. and Schroeder, L.M. (2008). Dead wood and saproxylic beetles in set-aside and non set-aside forests in a boreal region. For Ecol Manage 255: 3340-3350.

Duursma, R.A., Kolari, P., Perämäki, M., Nikinmaa, E., Hari, P., Delzon, S. Loustau, D., Ilvesniemi, H., Pumpanen, J. and Mäkelä, A. (2008). Predicting the decline in daily maximum transpiration rate of two pine stands during drought based on constant minimum leaf water potential and plant hydraulic conductance. Tree Physiology 28: 265-276.

Egnell, G., Hyvönen, R., Högbom, L., Johansson, T., Lundmark, T., Olsson, B., Ring, E., Sydow von, F. (2007). Miljökonsekvenser av stubbskörd – en sammanställning av kunskap och kunskapsbehov. Energimyndigheten Rapport 2007:xx.

Elmarsdottir, A., Sigurdsson, B.D., Magnusson, B., Gudleifsson, B.E., Oddsdottir, E.S., Olafsson, E., Halldorsson, G., Eyjolfsdottir, G.G., Skarphedinsson, K.H., Ingimarsdottir, M. and Nielsen, O.K.. (2007). Age-related dynamics in biodiversity and carbon cycling of Icelandic woodlands (ICEWOODS): Experimental set-up and site descriptions. In: Halldórsson, G., Oddsdóttir, E.S. and Eggertsson, O. (Eds). Effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development. TemaNord 508: 100-107.

Elmarsdottir, A., Fjellberg, A., Halldorsson, G., Ingimarsdottir, M., Nielsen, O.K., Nygaard, P., Oddsdottir,  E.S. and Sigurdsson, B.D. (2008). Effects of afforestation on biodiversity. In AFFORNORD: Effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development. Edited by G. Halldórsson, E.S. Oddsdóttir, and B.D. Sigurdsson. TemaNord 2008:562, Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen. pp. 37-47.

Ericsson, E. and Berg, S. (2007). Implications of environmental quality objectives on the potential of forestry to reduce net CO2 emissions? A case study in central Sweden. Forestry 80(2): 99-111.

Finér, L., Kortelainen, P., Mattsson, T., Ahtiainen, M., Kubin, E. and Sallantaus, T. (2004). Sulphate and base cation leaching from unmanaged forested catchments in Finland. Forest Ecology and Management 195: 115-128.

Finér, L., Helmisaari, H.-S.,  Lõhmus, K. Majdi, H., Brunner, I., Børja I., Eldhuset, E., Godbold, D., Grebenc, T., Konôpka, B., Kraigher, H.,  Möttönen M.-R.,  Ohashi, M.,  Oleksyn, J.,  Ostonen, I.,  Uri, U. & Vanguelova, E. (2007). Variation in fine root biomass of three European tree species: Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Plant Biosystems 141(3): 394-405.

Finér, L., Mattsson, T., Joensuu, S., Koivusalo, H., Laurén, A., Makkonen, T., Nieminen, M., Tattari, S., Ahti, E., Kortelainen, P., Koskiaho, J., Leinonen, A., Nevalainen, R., Piirainen, S., Saarelainen, J., Sarkkola, S. and Vuollekoski, M. (2010). Metsäisten valuma-alueiden vesistökuormituksen laskenta. Submitted to Suomen Ympäristö. [Calculation of export loads from forested catchments, in Finnish]

Gjerde, I., Sætersdal, M. and Nilsen, T. (2005). Abundance of two threatened woodpecker species in relation to the proportion of spruce plantations in native pine forests of western Norway. Biodiversity and Conservation 14: 377-393.

Gjerde, I., Sætersdal, M., Rolstad, J., Storaunet, K. O., Blom, H. H. and Heegaard, E. (2005). Productivity-diversity relationships in six northern forest landscapes. Ecography 28: 1-16.

Gjerde, I., Sætersdal, M. And Blom, H.H. (2007). Complementary Hotspot Inventory – a method for identification of important areas for biodiversity at the forest stand scale. Biological Conservation 137: 549-557.

Gjerde, I., Sætersdal, M. & Blom, H.H. (2006) Complementary hotspot inventory – a method for identification of important aeas for biodiversity at the forest stand scale. In: 1st European Congress of Conservation Biology “Diversity for Europe”, Book of Abstract, p. 112. 22-26 August, Eger, Hungary.

Granhus, A., Hanssen, K.H. & de Chantal, M. (2008) Emergence and seasonal mortality of naturally regenerated Picea abies seedlings: impact of overstory density and two site preparation methods. New Forests 35: 75-87.

Gudmundsdóttir, G. and Sigurdsson, B.D. (2005). Photosynthetic temperature response of mountain birch (Betula pubescens Ehrh.) in comparison with three other broadleaved tree species in Iceland. Icelandic Agricultural Sciences 18: 43-51.

Gundersen, P., Schmidt, I.K. and Raulund-Rasmussen, K. (2006). Leaching of nitrate from temperate forests – effects of air pollution and forest management. Environmental Reviews 14: 1-57.

Gundersen, P. (2008). Nitratudvaskning fra skovarealer – model til risikovurdering. Skov & Landskab, Arbejdsrapporter nr. 46, Skov & Landskab, 43 pp. ISBN-978-87-7903-356-6

Gundersen, P. (2008). Kvælstofudvaskning fra skov i et komplekst opland – et værktøj. ATV Vintermøde om Jord- og Grundvandsforurening, Vingstedcentret 4.-5. marts 2008 Bind 2, side 117-126

Gundersen, P., Sonnenborg, T.O. and Refsgaard, J.C. (2008). Nye skove ændrer ikke grundvandsdannelsen på lerjord. SKOVEN 8/08: 361-363.

Gundersen, P., Hansen, K.. and Vesterdal, L. (2008). Skovrejsning – Hvor hurtigt falder nitratudvaskningen? Videnblad Skovbrug,4.0-3, Skov & Landskab, 2 sider.

Gundersen, P. and Nord-Larsen, T. (2008). Skovenes beskyttende funktioner. I: Skove og plantager 2006. Skov & Landskab, Københavns Universitet., s. 107-120.

Gundersen, P. (2008). Kvælstofudvaskning fra skov i et komplekst opland – et værktøj. ATV Vintermøde om Jord- og Grundvandsforurening, Vingstedcentret 4.-5. marts 2008 Bind 2, side 117-126.

Gundersen, P., Sevel, L., Christiansen, J.R., Hansen, K, Vesterdal, L., Bastrup-Birk, A. (2009). Do indicators of nitrogen retention and leaching differ between coniferous and deciduous forests in Denmark? Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1137–1146.

Gustafsson, L., Dahlberg, A., Green, M., Henningsson, S., Hägerhäll, C., Larsson, A., Lindelöw, Å., Lindhagen, A., Lundh, G., Ode, Å., Strengbom, J., Ranius, T., Sandström, J., Svensson, R. & Widenfalk, O. (2009). Konsekvenser för kulturarv, friluftsliv, landskapsbild och biologisk mångfald. Faktaunderlag till MINT-utredningen. SLU, Rapport. ISBN 978-91-86197-45-2.

Halldórsson, G., Oddsdóttir, E.S., Sigurdsson, B.D. and Arneberg, A. (2005). The effects of afforestation on abundance of soil fauna. Poster and abstract at AFFORNORD Conference on Effects of Afforestation on Ecosystems, Landscape & Rural Development, June 18th – 22nd, 2005 Reykholt, Iceland.

Hansen, K., Rosenqvist, L., Vesterdal, L. and Gundersen, P. (2007). Nitrate leaching from three afforestation chronosequences on former arable land in Denmark. Global Change Biology 13: 1250–1264.

Hansen, K., Gundersen, P., Vesterdal, L. and Rosenqvist, L. (2008). Skovrejsning – nitratudvaskning i de nye skove Videnblad Skovbrug,4.0-4, Skov & Landskab, 2 sider.

Hansen, K., Schmidt, I. K., Gundersen, P. and Vesterdal, L. (2008). Skovrejsning – Miljømæssige konsekvenser Videnblad Skovbrug,4.0-1, Skov & Landskab, 2 sider.

Hansen, K,  Vesterdal, L., Schmidt, I.K., Gundersen, P., Sevel, L., Bastrup-Birk, A., Pedersen, L.B. and Bille-Hansen, J., (2009). Litterfall and nutrient return in five tree species in a common garden experiment. Forest Ecology and Management 257: 2133-2144.

Hanssen, K.H. and Solberg, S. (2007) Assessment of defoliation during a pine sawfly outbreak: Calibration of airborne laser scanning data with hemispherical photography. Forest Ecology and Management 250: 9-16.

Hedgren, O. and Weslien, J. (2007). Detecting Rare Species with Random or Subjective Sampling: a Case Study of Red-Listed Saproxylic Beetles in Boreal Sweden. Cons Biol 22: 212-215.

Hirano, Y., Noguchi, K., Ohashi, M., Hishi, T., Makita, N., Fujii, S. and Finér, L. (2009). New method for placing and lifting root meshes for estimating fine root production in forest ecosystems. Plant Root 3: 26-31.

Hyvönen, R., Göran I.Å., Linder, S., Persson, T., Cotrufo, M.F., Ekblad, A., Freeman, M., Grelle, A., Janssens, I.A., Jarvis, P.G., Kellomäki, S., Lindroth, A., Loustau, D., Lundmark, T., Norby, R.J., Oren, R., Pilegaard, K., Ryan, M.G., Sigurdsson, B.D., Strömgren, M., van Oijen, M. and Wallin, G.. (2007). Tansley review. The likely impact of elevated [CO2], nitrogen deposition, increased temperature and management on carbon sequestration in temperate and boreal forest ecosystems. New Phytologist 173: 463-480.

Högbom, L. (2006). Jämförelse mellan löv- och granskog: effekter på markens pH och nitrat läckage. I: B. Karlsson (ed) Trakthyggesbruk med gran och självföryngrad björk, en jämförande studie. Skogforsk Redogörelse Nr 4: 39-41.

Högbom, L. (2006). Effekter av olika trädslag i skyddszoner längs vattendrag. I: B. Karlsson (ed) Trakthyggesbruk med gran och självföryngrad björk, en jämförande studie. Skogforsk Redogörelse Nr 4: 42.

Ilvesniemi, H., Levula, J.,Ojansuu, R.,Kolari, P., Kulmala, L.,Pumpanen, J.,Launiainen, S.,Vesala, T. and Nikinmaa, E. (2009). Long-term measurements of the carbon balance of a boreal Scots pine dominated forest ecosystem. Boreal Environment Research. 14: 731–753.

Ilvesniemi,H., Pumpanen, J., Duursma, R., Hari, P., Keronen, P., Kolari, P., Kulmala, M., Mammarella, I., Nikinmaa, E., Rannik, U., Siivola, E.,Pohja, T. and Vesala, T. (2010). Water balance of a boreal Scots pine stand, 2010. Boreal Environment Research 15: 00–00 (accepted).

Jacobson, S., Pettersson, F., Högbom, L. and Sikström, U. (2005). Skogsgödsling – en handledning. Skogforsk Uppsala. 44 pp.

Jonsell, M., Schroeder, L.M. and Weslien, J. (2005). Saproxylic beetles in high stumps of spruce – fungal flora important for determining species composition. Scand J For Res. 20: 54-62.

Jónsson, J.Á., Halldórsson, G. and Sigurdsson, B.D. (2006). Changes in bird life, surface fauna and ground vegetation following afforestation by black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa). Icelandic Agricultural Sciences 19: 33-41.

Jónsson, J.Á. (2007). Effects of forest management practices on wood increment and carbon fluxes. M.Sc. thesis. In Biololgy Department. University of Iceland, Reykjavik. p. 94.

Jónsson, J. Á. and B. D. Sigurdsson. (2010). Effects of early thinning and fertilization on soil temperature and soil respiration in a poplar plantation. Icelandic Agricultural Sciences (accepted).

Koivusalo, H.,  Kokkonen, T., Laurén, A., Ahtiainen, M., Karvonen, T. Mannerkoski, H.,  Penttinen, S., Seuna, P., Starr, M and  Finér, L. (2006). Parameterisation and application of a hillslope hydrological model to assess impacts of a forest clear-cutting on runoff generation. Environmental Modelling & Software 21: 1324-1339.

Koivusalo, H., Ahti, E., Laurén, A., Kokkonen, T., Karvonen, T., Nevalainen, R. and Finér, L. (2008). Impacts of ditch cleaning on hydrological processes in a drained peatland forest. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 12(5): 1211-1227.

Kokkonen, T., Koivusalo, H., Laurén, A.,Penttinen, S.,  Starr, M., Kellomäki, S. and Finér. L. (2006). Implications of processing spatial data from a forested catchment for a hillslope hydrological model. Ecological Modelling 199: 393-408.

Kortelainen, P., Mattsson, T., Finér, L., Ahtiainen, M., Saukkonen, S. and Sallantaus, T. (2006). Controls on the export of C, N, P and Fe from undisturbed boreal catchments, Finland. Aquatic Sciences 68: 453-468.

Kostiainen, K., Kaakinen, S., Saranpää, P., Sigurdsson, B.D., Lundqvist,  S.-O., Linder, S. and Vapaavuori, E. (2008) Stem wood properties of mature Norway spruce after three years of continuous exposure to elevated carbon dioxide and temperature. Global Change Biology. Article Online: Oct 23 2008 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01755.x

Laurén, A., Finér, L., Koivusalo, H., Kokkonen, T., Karvonen, T., Kellomäki, S., Mannerkoski, H. and Ahtiainen, M. (2005). Water and nitrogen processes along a typical water flowpath and streamwater exports from a forested catchment and changes after clear-cutting: a modelling study. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 9(6): 657-674.

Laurén, A., Koivusalo, H., Ahtikoski, A., Kokkonen, T. and Finér, L. (2007). Water protection and buffer zones: How much does it cost to reduce nitrogen load in a forest cutting? Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 22(6): 537-544.

Laurén, A., Sikanen, L., Asikainen, A., Koivusalo, H., Palviainen, M., Kokkonen, T., Kellomäki, S. and Finér, L. (2008). Impacts of logging residue and stump removal on nitrogen export to stream – a modelling approach. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 22(3): 227-235.

Laurén, A., Heinonen, J., Koivusalo, H., Sarkkola, S., Tattari, S., Mattsson, T., Ahtiainen, M., Joensuu, S., Kokkonen, T. and Finér, L. (2009). Implications of uncertainty in pre-treatment dataset on estimation of treatment effects from paired catchment studies: loads of phosphorus from forest clear-cuts. Water, Air & Soil Pollution, 196: 251-261. DOI 10.1007/s11270-008-9773-1.

Laurén, A., Koivusalo, H., Saari, P., Lappalainen, M., Piirainen, S., Kukkonen, J.V.K., Setälä, H., Sarjala, T., Mannerkoski,H., Bylund, D. and Finér, L. (2009). Parametrization of organic matter decomposition model to describe the quality of the released dissolved nitrogen. In: Ukonmaanaho, L., Nieminen, T.M. & Starr, M. (eds.). 6th International Symposium on Ecosystem Behaviour BIOGEOMON 2009. Metlan työraportteja/Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 128. p. 208.

Lindroth, A., Lagergren, F., Aurela, M., Bjarnadottir, B., Christensen, T., Dellwik, E., Grelle, A., Ibrom, A., Johansson, T., Lankreijer, H., Launiainen, S., Laurila, T., Mölder, M., Nikinmaa, E., Pilegaard, K., Sigurdsson, B.D. and Vesala, T. (2008). Leaf area index is the principal scaling parameter for both gross photosynthesis and ecosystem respiration of northern deciduous and coniferous forests. Tellus 60B: 129-142.

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Mannerkoski, H., Finér, L., Piirainen, S. and Starr, M. (2005). Effect of clear-cutting and site preparation on the level and quality of groundwater in some headwater catchments in eastern Finland. Forest Ecology and Management 220: 107-117.

Mattsson, T., Finér, L., Kortelainen, P. and Sallantaus, T. (2003). Brook water quality and background leaching from unmanaged forested catchments in Finland. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 147: 275-297.

Medlyn, B.E., Berbigier, P., Clement, R., Grelle, A., Loustau, D., Linder, S., Wingate, L., Jarvis, P.G., Sigurdsson, B.D. and McMurtrie, R.E. (2005). The carbon balance of coniferous forests growing in contrasting climatic conditions: a model-based analysis. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 131: 97-124.

Mikkelsen T.N., Beier, C., Jonasson, S.J., Albert, K., Schmidt, I.K., Michelsen, A., Ambus, P., Stevnbak, K., Andresen, L., Christensen, S., Gundersen, P., Holmstrup, M., Maraldo, K., Petersen, M.B., Pilegaard, K., Pedersen, J.K., Primé, A., Ro-Poulsen, H., Riis, T., Martinussen, T., Miglietta, F., Jørgensen, P., Danbæk, S., Sørensen, P., Bruunn N. and Sverdrup, H. (2008) Experimetal design of multifactor climate change experiment with elevated CO2, warming and drought – the CLIMAITE project. Functional Ecology 22: 185–195.

Myklestad, Å. and Sætersdal, M. (2005). Effects of fertilization and afforestation on community structure of traditionally managed hay meadows in western Norway. Nordic Journal of Botany 23: 593-606.

Nieminen, M., Koivusalo, H., Sarkkola, S., Mattsson, T. and Laurén, A. (2009). Export of suspended solids and dissolved elements from peatland areas after ditch network maintenance in south-central Finland. Silva Fennica, in press.

Palviainen, M., Finér, L., Laurén, A., Mannerkoski, H., Piirainen, S. and Starr, M. (2007) Development of ground vegetation biomass and nutrient pools in a clear-cut disc-plowed boreal forest. Plant and Soil 297: 43-52.

Palviainen, M., Laiho, R., Mäkinen, H. and Finér, L. (2008) Do decomposing Scots pine, Norway spruce and silver birch stems retain nitrogen?  Can. J. For. Res. (In print).

Palviainen, M., Laiho, R., Mäkinen, H. and Finér, L. (2009). Nitrogen dynamics in decomposing Scots pine, Norway spruce and silver birch stems. In: Ukonmaanaho, L., Nieminen, T.M. & Starr, M. (eds.). 6th International Symposium on Ecosystem Behaviour BIOGEOMON 2009. Metlan työraportteja/Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 128. p. 211.

Palviainen, M., Finér, L., Laiho, R., Shorohova, E., Kapitsa, E. and Vanha-Majamaa, I. (2010). Carbon and nitrogen release from decomposing Scots pine, Norway spruce and silver birch stumps. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 390-398.

Perhans, K., Kindstrand, C., Boman, M., Djupström, B.L., Gustafsson, L., Mattsson, L., Schroeder, L.M., Weslien, J. and Wikberg, S. (2008). Conservation goals and the relative importance of costs and benefits in reserve selection, Conservation Biology, 22: 1331–1339

Pihlatie, M. Pumpanen, J. Rinne, J. Ilvesniemi, H., Simojoki, A. Hari, P. and Vesala, T. (2007). Gas concentration driven fluxes of nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide in boreal forest soil. Tellus, 59B: 458–469.

Piirainen, S., Finér, L. and Starr, M. (2002). Deposition and leaching of sulphate and cations in a mixed boreal forest in eastern Finland. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 131: 185-204.

Piirainen, S., Finér, L., Mannerkoski, H. and Starr, M. (2002). Effects of forest clear-cutting on the carbon and nitrogen fluxes through podzolic soil horizons. Plant and Soil 239: 301-311.

Piirainen, S., Finér, L., Mannerkoski, H. and Starr, M. (2004). Effects of forest clear-cutting on sulphur, phosphorus and base cations fluxes through podzolic soil horizons. Biogeochemistry 69: 405-424.

Piirainen, S., Finér, L., Mannerkoski, H. and Starr, M. (2007). Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus leaching after site preparation at a boreal forest clear-cut area. Forest Ecology and Management 243: 10-18.

Piirainen, S., Finér, L., Mannerkoski, H. and Starr, M. (2008) Leaching of cations and sulphate after mechanical site preparation at a boreal forest clear-cut area. Geoderma (In print).

Piirainen, S., Finér, L., Laurén A., Mannerkoski, H., Niemelä J., Palviainen, M. and Starr, M. (2009). Effects of harvesting and site preparation on nitrogen and carbon biogeochemistry in boreal forests. In: Ukonmaanaho, L., Nieminen, T.M. and Starr, M. (eds.). 6th International Symposium on Ecosystem Behaviour BIOGEOMON 2009. Metlan työraportteja/Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 128. p.178.

Pumpanen, J., Ilvesniemi, H., Kulmala, L., Siivola, E., Laakso, H., Kolari, P., Helenelund, C., Laakso, M., Uusimaa, M. and Hari,P. (2008). Respiration in Boreal Soil as Determined from Carbon Dioxide Concentration Profile. Soil Sci. Soc. Am.J. 72: 1187-1196.

Pumpanen, J. Heinonsalo, J., Rasilo, T., Hurme, K.-R. and Ilvesniemi, H. (2010). Carbon balance and allocation of assimilated CO2 in Scots pine,Norway spruce, and Silver birch seedlings determined with gas exchange measurements and 14C pulse labelling. Trees DOI 10.1007/s00468-008-0306-8.

Rantakari, M., Mattsson, T., Kortelainen, P., Piirainen, S., Finér, L. and Ahtiainen, M. (2009). Organic and inorganic carbon concentrations and fluxes from managed and unmanaged boreal first-order catchments. Science of the Total Environment. In print.

Raulund-Rasmussen, K., Hansen, K., Katzensteiner, K., Loustau, D., de Jong, J., Gundersen, P., Humphrey, J.W., Ravn, H.P. and Klimo, E. (2007). M2.2 – Impact of forest management on environmental services. EFORWOOD project report.

Raulund-Rasmussen, K., Andersen, M.K., Hansen, H.C.B. and Hansen, K. (2009). Skovrejsning og cadmium-udvaskning. Videnblade Skov og Natur 4.0-5. Skov & Landskab, Hørsholm, 2 pp.

Ring, E. (2006). Kväveutlakning vid olika grader av avverkningsuttag med koppling till Kontinuitetesskogsbruk. I: B. Karlsson (ed) Trakthyggesbruk och kontinuitetsskogsbruk med gran, en jämförande studie. Skogforsk Redogörelse 5: 33-35.

Ring, E., Löfgren, S., Bergkvist, I. and Högbom, L. (2006). Många bäckar små…. Skogforsk Redogörelse 2: 126-130.

Ring, E. and Högbom, L. (2006). Mindre kväveläckage efter markberedning. Skogforsk Resultat 21, 2 pp.

Ring, E., Jacobson, S. and Nohrstedt, H.-Ö. (2006). Soil-solution chemistry in a coniferous stand after adding wood ash and nitrogen. Can J For Res 36: 153-163.

Ring, E. (2007). Estimations of leaching of N and P from forestry in northern Sweden. Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademiens Tidskrift 146: 6-13.

Ring, E. Löfgren, S. Sandin, L. Högbom, L. Goedkoop W., Bergqvist, I. and Berg, S. (2008). Skogsbruk med hänsyn till vatten – en handledning från Skogforsk. 64 pp.

Ring, E., Löfgren, S., Sandin, L., Högbom, L. and Goedkoop, W. (2008) Skogsbruk och vatten – En kunskapsöversikt. Redogörelse nr 3 2008, Skogforsk. 64 pp.

Rosenberg, O. and Högbom, L. (2005). Retention av bor efter gödsling med Skog-CAN innehållande olika borformuleringar. Skogforsk Arbetsrapport No 605.

Rosenqvist L., Hansen K., Vesterdal L. & van der Salm, C. (2010). Water balance in chronosequences of forest stands (ages and species) following afforestation of former arable land in Denmark and southern Sweden. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150: 196-207.

Rubæk, G., Jørgensen, U., Jacobsen, B., Sølver, J.S. and Gundersen, P. (2008) Skovrejsning på landbrugsjord.

Rusanen, K., Finér, L., Antikainen, M., Korkka-Niemi, K., Backman, B. and Britschgi, R. (2004). The effect of forest cutting on the quality of groundwater in large aquifers in Finland. Boreal Environment Research 9: 253-261.

Saari, P. , Finér, L. and Laurén, A. (2009). Metsätaloudessa vesistöjen ja pienvesien suojavyöhykkeille asetetut tavoitteet ja niiden toteutuminen. Metlan työraportteja 124. 37 p. (in Finnish)

Sarkkola, S., Koivusalo, H., Laurén, A., Kortelainen, P., Mattsson, T., Palviainen, M., Piirainen, S., Starr, M. and Finér, L. (2009). Trends in hydrometeorological conditions and stream water organic carbon in boreal forested catchments. Science of Total Environment. In print.

Sarkkola, S., Koivusalo, H., Laurén, A., Kortelainen, P., Mattsson, T., Palviainen, M., Piirainen, S., Starr, M. and Finér, L. (2009). Trends in stream water nitrogen concentrations and export from forested catchments in Eastern Finland. In: Ukonmaanaho, L., Nieminen, T.M. & Starr, M. (eds.). 6th International Symposium on Ecosystem Behaviour BIOGEOMON 2009. Metlan työraportteja/Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute 128. p. 112.

Sevel, L., Hansen, K., Vesterdal, L. Christiansen, J.R. and Bastrup-Birk, A. (2008). Nitratudvaskning fra otte danske skove. Videnblad Skovbrug, 8.5-21. Skov & Landskab, Hørsholm, 2 pp.

Sievänen, R., Kareinen, T., Hirvelä, H. and Ilvesniemi, H. (2007). Hakkuumahdollisuusarvioihin perustuvat metsien kasvihuonekaasutaseet. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja 4: 329-339.

Sigurdsson, B.D., Magnusson, B., Elmarsdottir, A. and Bjarnadottir, B. (2005). Effects of afforestation on understory biomass, carbon stock and vegetation composition: a chronosequence study in Iceland. Poster and abstract at AFFORNORD Conference on Effects of Afforestation on Ecosystems, Landscape & Rural Development, June 18th – 22nd, 2005 Reykholt, Iceland.

Sigurdsson, B.D., Magnusson, B., Elmarsdottir, A. and Bjarnadottir, B. (2005). Biomass and composition of understory vegetation and the forest floor carbon stock across Siberian larch and mountain birch chronosequences in Iceland. Annals of Forest Science 62(8): 881-888.

Sigurdsson, B.D., Snorrason, A., Kjartansson, B. and Jonsson, J.A.. (2007). Total area of planted forests in Iceland and their carbon stocks and fluxes. In: Halldórsson, G., Oddsdóttir, E.S. and Eggertsson, O. (Eds). Effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development. TemaNord 508: 211-217.

Sigurdsson, B.D. (2007). Europas skogfattigaste land – Island. Skogshistoriska tidender 13(2): 4-5

Sigurdsson, B.D. (2009). Ecosystem carbon fluxes of Leymus arenarius and Honckenya pebloides on Surtsey in relation to water availability: a pilot study. Surtsey Research 12: 77-80.

Sigurdsson, B.D. and Magnússon, B. (2010). Ecosystem respiration, vegetation development and soil nitrogen in relation to breeding density of seagulls on a pristine volcanic island, Surtsey, Iceland. Biogeosciences 7: 1-9.

Sikström, U. (2005). Pre-harvest soil acidification, liming or N fertilization did not significantly affect the survival and growth of young Norway spruce. Silva Fennica 39: 341–349.

Sikström, U., Jansson, G. and Weslien, J. (2005). Predicting the mortality of Pinus sylvestris attacked by Gremmeniella abietina and occurrence of Tomicus piniperda colonization. Can J For Res 35: 860-867.

Sikström, U., Ernfors, M., Jacobsson, S., Klemedtsson, L., Nilsson, M.and Ring, E. (2006). Tillförsel av aska i tallskog på dikad tovmark i södra Sverige; Effekter på skogsproduktion, avgång av växthusgaser och vattenkemi.VÄRMEFORSK Service AB, Rapport 974, ISSN 1653-1248, 59 pp.

Sikström, U. (2007). Stem growth of Picea abies in south western Sweden in the ten years following liming and addition of PK and N. Water Air Soil Pollut: Focus. 7:137-142.

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Sonnenborg, T.O., Gundersen, P. and Refsgaard, J.C. (2008). Sammenligning af vandbalancer for mark og løvskov tre steder på Sjælland. Hvordan påvirker skovrejsning med løvtræer grundvandsdannelsen kvantitativt på lerjorder? Rapport udarbejdet for Skov- og Naturstyrelsen.

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Wikberg, S., Perhans, K., Kindstrand, C., Djupström, L.B., Boman, M., Mattsson, L., Schroeder, L.M., Weslien, J. and Gustafsson, L. (2009). Cost-effectiveness of conservation strategies implemented in boreal forests: The area selection process. Biodiversity and Conservation (in press)

Väänänen, R., Nieminen, M., Vuollekoski, M. and Ilvesniemi, H. (2006). Retention of phosphorus in soil and vegetation of a buffer zone area during snow melt peak flow in southern Finland. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 177: 103-118.

Väänänen, R., Kenttämies, K., Nieminen, M. and Ilvesniemi, H. (2007). Phosphorus retention properties of forest humus layer in buffer zones and clear-cut areas in southern Finland. Boreal Environment Research 12: 601-609.

Väänänen, R., Hristov, J. Tanskanen, N. and Hartikainen, H., Nieminen, M. and Ilvesniemi, H. (2008). Phosphorus sorption properties in podzolic forest soils and soil solution phosphorus concentrations in undisturbed and disturbed soil profiles. Boreal Environment Research 13: 553-567.

Väänänen, R., Nieminen, M., Vuollekoski,, M., Nousiainen, H., Sallantaus, T., Tuittila, E.-S. and Ilvesniemi, H. (2008). Retention of phosphorus in peatland buffer zones at six forested catchments in southern Finland. Silva Fennica Vol 42(2): 211-231.

Øyen, B. H., Blom, H. H., Gjerde, I., Myking, T., Sætersdal, M. and Thunes, K. H. (2006). Ecology, history and silviculture of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in western Norway – a literature survey. Forestry 79: 319-329.

 

Publication about CAR-ES: Gundersen, P., Weslien, J., Sigurdsson, B.D., Sætersdal, M., Finér, L. and Callesen, I. (2007). The objectives of the research network “Centre of Advanced Research on Environmental Services” (CAR-ES). In: Halldórsson, G., Oddsdóttir, E.S. and Eggertsson, O. (Eds) “Effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development”. TemaNord 508: 126-131.

 

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